Quality Painting That Lasts
Quality Painting That Lasts
The Painting Process
Paints have been used for hundreds of years to
protect, seal and beautify our interior and exterior
surfaces. It adds color to otherwise drab or boring
areas, and has a smooth finish to the touch. Paint
itself is a mixture of liquid and powder; the powder
is the pigment that gives color to the paint and the
liquid is what binds it and allows it to spread. In
some paints a solvent, or thinner, is used to make
the paint easier to spread. The kind of liquid and
solvent used is determined by the kind of paint being
made. There are many kinds of paint and they have
Most Commonly Used Types Of Paint
many different uses, so much so that even professional painters looses track of all the different
types, but below are the most commonly used types of paints homeowners use when painting
their houses.

Enamel Paint:

Enamel paint is paint that dries to a hard, usually glossy finish, used for coating surfaces that are outdoors or
otherwise subject to hard wear or variations in temperature. Typically the term "enamel paint" is used to describe
oil-based covering products, usually with a significant amount of gloss in them, however recently many latex or
water-based paints have adopted the term as well. The term today means "hard surfaced paint" and usually is in
reference to paint brands of higher quality, floor coatings of a high gloss finish, or spray paints. Enamel can also be
in latex form as well as alkyd.

Latex Paint

In the old days, people mainly used oil based paints because water-based Latex paints had not been invented yet.
Oil based paints were good, and even today they perform well for certain types of painting and staining, but now-a-
days most people buy Latex paints. The reason most people buy Latex paints over oil paints is that Latex paint
technology has enabled latex paints to perform better and outlast oil based paints. Latex paints are water based
paints that can be cleaned up with water and are easier to work with. They dry faster than oil paints and tend not
to have such a strong odor. It’s a paint that is used for both interior and exterior painting.

Latex enamel:

This is a blend of latex and enamel paints and is water based. The latex in the paint mean that the paint will dry
quicker, is easier to use, and lacks the strong odor of oil based paints. The enamel quality means that the paint will
be hard when dry making it suitable for heavy wear areas. This paint comes in a variety of sheen finishes.


Primers are a flat paint that is used to seal wood, plaster, concrete, dry wall and any number of other surfaces. Not
only are primers used to seal surfaces, but they are also used to provide “grip” for new paint. They also coat the
uneven surfaces and fill in the tiny holes and cracks to allow the next coat of new paint to flow over the uneven
surface. Primers are also used for stain blockers. Some stains on wood and wall surfaces have oily pigments that a
water based paint has trouble covering. Primers are specifically designed with high concentrations of resins or
lacquers in them for these types of problems. There are both water based primers and oil based primers.    

Floor and deck paint:

To be used outside on decks, it is a heavy-duty paint and will resist the attack of changing weather and many
“footsteps.” It may be purchased in a glossy formula or a flat surface paint. The shiny mix can be cleaned with
ease, and the flat finish is more resistant to chips and cracks.


Alkyd paint is a type specialty oil based paint for areas that see a lot of abuse or abrasion. They take a fair amount
of time to dry and have a strong odor. The surface created by alkyd paint is uniform and smooth. Typically high
end kitchen cabinets, bathroom cabinets and doors are painted with this type of paint.


Epoxy Paint is paint with resin added that enables it to bond better to surfaces. There are two types: single-
component and two-component epoxy paints.  Single-component is oil based paint with epoxy esters in it. Its
really good oil based paint, but it’s not a true epoxy paint.
Two-component epoxy paint...you know what epoxy glue is, right? It comes in two containers. You mix
component A with component B in a precise ratio, stir them together and work really fast before the epoxy
hardens and becomes unworkable. This is used on industrial and residential floors because it's very hard and sticks
to the floor really well.
TCP Painting
711 Medford Center #374
Medford, OR 97504